In late winter to early spring, a profusion of small rounded clusters of tiny, bright yellow flowers open on the naked branches and will persist for several weeks. Cornus mas: Cornelian Cherry. Scaly, exfoliating bark develops on mature trunks. Each flower has four small yellow petals. USDA Zone: 4 Bloom Time: February Sunset Western Zone: 1-6 Growing as a multistem tree, expect a height and spread of 3 x 3 metres in 20 years (slightly taller for single stem forms). The flowers of the Cornelian cherry offer the early flying bees and insects a rich source of nectar; the fruits with their characteristic sweet and sour taste can be nibbled from the end of August and finally the trees turn golden yellow to orange in early autumn. Tight clusters of small star-shaped yellow flowers bloom in early spring, covering the … The fall fruit's distinctive, rich flavor is somewhat like a pie cherry but more complex and can be eaten fresh or made into jam, juice, wine , and tarts. Retail Garden Center: This dogwood is known to be quite cold hardy and can be grown into a … These last for several weeks before the arrival of the leaves, which are deep green and oval-shaped. Flowers hold ornamental value as a dogwood it blooms early in March. Fruit is similar to a tart cherry and is suitable for jellies, preserves, and making wine. Our Seattle Japanese Garden has two specimens, both in Area L, near the garden’s northern end on the east side of the pond. The genus name, Cornus, refers to dogwood trees & shrubs, and the species name, mas, means male – a usage that dates to Roman times. All rights Reserved. However, there is one drawback: dropped fruits will stain any pavement beneath them! Like forsythia and many other early-blooming trees and shrubs, it has bright yellow flowers. Once the rainy weather stops, the new leaves are not affected. As an ornamental, Cornelian Cherry is prized for its very early, delicate flowers appearing in early March before the leaves, its yellow and red fall color, and it's bright, red or yellow fruit, which taste like a Cherry or a wild Plum. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (photo: Aleks Monk, 3/5/13). Cornelian cherry grows as a small, low-branched, multi-trunked tree reaching 20 feet tall with a like spread. With its small size, adaptability, wildlife value and ease of cultivation, cornelian cherry is an excellent choice both for naturalizing and for planting in small urban gardens. In the Pacific Northwest, its very early flowers are a welcome antidote to our long gray winters. Pests & Diseases: No pest problems have been observed on our Cornelian Cherry plants. Cornus mas is an excellent feature packed Cornelian Cherry tree or shrub. Cornelian cherry trees bear small hermaphrodite yellow flowers measuring about 5 mm to 10 mm in diameter. Small yellow flowers in late winter before leaves emerge. Cornelian cherry trees bear small hermaphrodite yellow flowers measuring about 5 mm to 10 mm in diameter. Latin Name: Cornus mas Cornus mas is a small deciduous tree that brightens the winter garden with its cheerful February blooms. If it is the latter, you will need more than one tree … Cornus mas grows best in moist, well-drained soils in full sun or light to open shade. Yield: 30-40 lbs. Best in full sun. Growing as a shrub or small tree, it is valued for its tasty fruit and for its ornamental value. Try ' Nana ' if you want a plant that only reaches about 3 feet tall. Discern whether your chosen tree is self-pollinating or self-sterile. Flowers last from one to three weeks, followed by edible red elongated fruits. Rootstock Description: In addition, it has long been valued for its ornamental qualities and edible fruit. Cornelian Cherry Dogwood (Cornus Mas) is known for it’s early bloom in spring with clusters of fuzzy yellow, star-like flowers. It produces edible fruit in summer and a red foliage color in fall. Our unique Ukrainian varieties produce unusually large, sweet, and flavorful fruit. A unique and attractive form of Dogwood, Cornelian Cherry is native to Ukraine and other regions around the Black Sea. Leaves are green. Flowers give way to tiny red berries that mature in the summer. Cornelian-Cherry is one of the earliest small trees to bloom in the spring. Today it is grown as a commercial fruit crop in Ukraine, Serbia, Turkey, Georgia and Iran. AKA Cornelian Cherry Dogwood The plant can live and be fruitful for up to 100 years. Cornelian Cherry Dogwood is one of the first shrubs to flower in late Winter and early Spring (a larger and earlier yellow-flowering alternative to Forsythia), that is underutilized in modern landscapes. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED -. Cornus mas is a small deciduous tree that brightens the winter garden with its cheerful February blooms. Like forsythia and many other early-blooming trees and shrubs, it has bright yellow flowers. Cornus mas: Cornelian Cherry. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) has a centuries long cultivation history in southeastern Europe and western Asia as a fruit tree. Cornelian-cherry dogwood is a small, 20- to 25-foot-high tree or large shrub that thrives in well-drained urban conditions as a specimen plant, in masses, near a patio, or as a hedge. It typically grows over time to 15-25' tall with a spread to 12-20' wide. A purchase of 'Aurea' cornelian cherry dogwood is a true investment in your yard! Flowers give way to tiny red berries that mature in the summer. A unique member of the dogwood family. It flowers before most other flowering trees and shrubs, bearing bright yellow flower clusters that appear to glow against the rich brown ornamental bark. The tree produces yellow flowers in spring and cherry-like fruit in the summer, which is used in wine, syrup or jam. Details C. mas is a deciduous shrub with oval leaves turning purple in autumn; small clusters of tiny, bright yellow flowers open in late winter, to be followed by … Pollination Requirements: Plant two varieties for cross-pollination and to ensure good crops. Tight clusters of small star-shaped yellow flowers bloom in early spring, covering the tree before leaves emerge. In fall, the foliage develops to a dark purple before being shed. Bark is rough and interesting texture. Cornelian Cherry is good for fresh eating, preserves, juice, and wine. Yellow cornelian cherry bears 1” long fruit. Grows in partial shade. At our retail garden center we offer seasonal fruit tasting, preservation and plant care classes as well as hold events in the community. Each flower has four small yellow petals. A copper spray in the spring and early summer should help control it. Growing as a shrub or small tree, it is valued for its tasty fruit and for its ornamental value. Noteworthy Characteristics Cornus mas, commonly known as cornelian cherry, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to central and southern Europe into western Asia. The Cornus mas belongs to the so-called heart-rooting. In fall, they develop attractive purple-red tones, especially when plants are grown in full sun. The yellow dogwood, as the Cornelian cherry is also called, is deeply rooted, but also has flat long roots around it. Much smaller than the American dogwood its more of a rangy bush than a tree — the cornelian cherry tree produces a cheerful mist of tiny yellow flowers in February and early March in … A unique and attractive form of Dogwood, Cornelian Cherry is native to Ukraine and other regions around the Black Sea. The common name comes from the edible fruit that resembles cherries. Multi-trunked, or pruned to a single trunk with low branching, it has a shrub-like appearance, and is sometimes considered a large shrub rather than a small tree. Bearing Age: 2-3 years after planting. Varieties of Cornelian Cherry Dogwood For a shrub with variegated leaves, choose the ' Variegata ' or ` Elegantissima ' cultivars. Cornus mas is hardy to USDA Zones 4 or 5 to 8 (minimum winter temperature: -30 or -20 degrees F.), and grows to a mature size of about 15 feet tall by 15-20 feet wide, with an upright-rounded habit of growth. Remarkably ornamental and adaptable, Cornus mas (Cornelian Cherry) is a deciduous shrub or small tree providing multiseason interest. Sunset Northeast Zone: 32, 34-41, Phone: 1-877-353-4028 A very unique variety, Yellow Cornelian Cherry Tree ™ bears large crops of attractive, lemon yellow, tasty, sweet-tart fruit. They ripen in mid to late summer. Fortunately, it’s also planted throughout the Washington Park Arboretum and at the Center for Urban Horticulture, in a grove along NE 41st Street. Cold-hardy. Cornelian Cherry Dogwood. Description. Cornelian-Cherry is one of the earliest small trees to bloom in the spring. However, young plants bear only male flowers and are fruitless; hence they’re easily mistaken for males. Cornus mas - Cornelian Cherry Cornus mas is a deciduous shrub or small tree, growing to approximately 6m height. In spring, the tree blooms with showy clusters of tiny yellow flowers that arrive on the bare branches. The 1″ long fruit is good for fresh eating and makes particularly good jam, juice and compote.”. Cornelian cherry dogwood offers multi-season interest in the garden. Grows to 20-25’ tall, 15’ wide. Cornelian cherries (Cornus mas) are actually members of the dogwood family and native to areas of Eastern Europe and Western Asia (they even survive in Siberia!). Cornus mas is an excellent feature packed Cornelian Cherry tree or shrub. Its yellow flowers and arching branches add excellent ornamental interest to your landscape. The juice is sometimes fermented into wine. Cornelian Cherry is good for fresh eating, preserves, juice, and wine. It is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–12 m tall, with dark brown branches and greenish twigs. Cornelian Cherry (S) (cornus mas) This member of the dogwood family sports yellow flowers against bare bark in early spring before forsythia. Growing cherry trees with yellow cherry fruit is no different than those with red cherry fruit. We are a family owned and operated nursery in Portland Oregon. These last for several weeks before the arrival of the leaves, which are deep green and oval-shaped. It is suited to most soil types that are well-draining and either full or part sun. green and ovate until autumn brings displays of yellow, oranges and red. Ripening Time: Late August-Early September At OGW we offer a diversity of food plants and their companions from around the world. They are shrub-like trees that can grow up to 15-25 feet in height if left unpruned. Despite its common name, cornelian cherry is a species of dogwood, not a true cherry -- and is sometimes known as cornelian cherry dogwood. This super-early bloomer will be a soothing sight to your winter-weary eyes each spring. An easy-to-grow, adaptable plant, it tolerates a wide variety of soils – sand & clay, acid & alkaline. Hardy Z4 You can buy Cornus mas 'Aurea' golden cornelian cherry dogwood online mail-order. It features tiny, star-like, yellow flowers that appear in March before the foliage and deep green, oval leaves turn to a purple tinge in autumn. Instead of planting forsythia, an early-blooming cliché, consider planting Cornus mas. Maturing plants cast dense shade, causing plants growing beneath them to die out. Edible drupes (fleshy fruits, with a single hard stone, like cherries) mature in late summer, but are mostly hidden by the foliage. Typical early spring yellow flowers in abundance make for a mid-summer show of fruits which can be harvested for jelly, jam, syrup or left as additional interest at this time. Flavor is similar to a sour cherry and makes incredible jams, sauces and dried fruit. AKA Cornelian Cherry Dogwood Plants are monoecious – that is, male & female flowers appear on the same plant. Its yellow flowers and arching branches add excellent ornamental interest to your landscape. Although very tart, they’re attractive to birds and squirrels. ''Aurea' is a beautiful golden yellow cornelian cherry dogwood. Best in full sun. Growing as a multistem tree, expect a height and spread of 3 x 3 metres in 20 years (slightly taller for single stem forms). Little known, but attractive and adaptable, it deserves to be more widely planted. 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