During the Renaissance, humanist … To secure Rome and its Papal States—the territories that the papacy controlled in central and northern Italy and southern France—popes became heavily involved in temporal matters, even leading armies, as was the case with the very worldly Pope Julius II (r. 1503–13). A member of the prominent Borgia family, Alexander VI was one of the most controversial Renaissance popes. The Renaissance is an important event in European history that stretched from the 14th century to the 17th century. The Pope was the head of the Catholic Church and the spiritual leader of millions of Christians in Europe. Save for the brief reign of the last non-Italian pope before the 20th century, Adrian VI (reigned 1522–23), the papacy failed to respond to the spiritual crisis of the day. Pope Alexander VI (r. 1492–1503) Pope Alexander VI by Cristofano dell’Altissimo (Credit: Vasari Corridor). The vain and ostentatious Pope Paul II (1464–71), who had a virtual mania for gems and collectibles, built the magnificent Palazzo Venezia in Rome. The Quirinal Palace, papal residence and home to the civil offices of the Papal States from the Renaissance until their annexation Renaissance [ edit ] During the Renaissance , the papal territory expanded greatly, notably under the popes Alexander VI and Julius II . Renaissance Rome and the Papal States Investigate how the new learning in Rome challenged the wisdom of centuries of spiritual authority as the capital of Christianity. Italy - Italy - The Papal States: The papacy engaged in often flamboyant political maneuvers, especially during the reign of Julius II (1503–13), and in the architectural and intellectual renewal of Rome. However, the great wealth and power of the Papacy corrupted the various holders of the office and this was to have a marked effect on Renaissance Italy. Useful reexamination of much scholarship on the Renaissance papacy—cultural, political, institutional, and spiritual—in consideration of the totality of activities in which popes were involved: governance, patronage of the arts and sciences, ecclesiastical reform, liturgy and music, the fabric of Rome, and papal building projects. Nicholas also envisioned the rebuilding of St. Peter’s Basilica and the papal library. Papal Corruption. False- The territories known as the Papal States were officially controlled by the CATHOLIC CHURCH during the Renaissance 4. Learn more. 9. Throughout the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, papal holdings experienced periodic spurts of support for political independence from church control. While exploring Rome’s papal history, encounter the noble family who considered it the Many Popes were more interested in advancing the interests of their families and they often lavished money and … Papal States - Papal States - The 15th century to the French Revolution: In the 15th century, popes beginning with Martin V sought to reestablish their control over central Italy. Under Pope Nicholas V (1447–55) there was a revival of classical studies, which contributed to the development of humanism and the Renaissance. This Renaissance Tours page details the information about the tour to the Papal States in Italy on 27 September - 8 October 2020. It was preceded by the Middle Ages in Europe and eventually led to other major events such as the Age of Enlightenment.In historical terms the Renaissance is important because it led to a major shift in European thought and worldview. The papacy closely supervised the Renaissance evolution of Rome, maintaining its economic power, and thus control of the city, through the sale of church offices and taxation of the Papal States. He deposed King Ferdinand of Naples in 1489, and depleted the papal treasury by waging wars with several Italian states.